Libya is currently afflicted by civil war between government forces and rebels supported by NATO airstrikes. As long as the conflict continues, travel to Libya is not advised.
Arabic is the official language of Libya. English is somewhat widespread in urban areas.
Domestic public transportation is severely underdeveloped. There is no domestic train infrastructure. Car rental is available, but traffic in urban areas is chaotic and rented cars often unreliable. Accidents occur frequently, especially in rural areas. Taxis are a convenient and relatively cheap means of transportation. Shared taxis and buses are also available. Be sure to negotiate a taxi fare before entering the vehicle.
Intercity bus routes connect most of the major city and are very cheap and buses owned by large companies are usually comfortable and often air conditioned. Shared taxis are also available between cities.
ATMs are mostly available in Tripoli with limited availability in other cities. Some restaurants and other businesses accept major credit cards.
Libya is a traditional Muslim country and local traditions should be respected by travelers. Modest clothing is recommended. Alcohol is banned in Libya and purchase of alcohol carries strict penalties. Because of the current conflict, politics is best avoided during conversation.
Travelers should be aware that during the month of Ramadan, which varies based on the Islamic calendar, the daily routine of the country changes drastically. Because this is a month of fasting, many businesses, especially restaurants, are closed during the day.
The full range of hotel accommodations is available in the major cities, from youth hostels to four star hotels.
Travelers are advised to be cautious of drinking tap water in Libya. Even some bottled waters brands are not safe, and it is best to buy foreign brands.